Thursday, November 01, 2007

A retirement that resulted expensive

The reign of Philip IV of Spain, "the Planet King", witnessed one of the biggest urbanistic disasters in Modern History. It was the Palace of Buen Retiro ("Good Retirement"), that his minister the Count-Duke of Olivares planned in 1629 so that the decadent Court was entertained and therefore put aside of government responsibilities.

El Buen Retiro

The place started up being a terrain property of the Count-Duke close to the Monastery of Jerónimos in Madrid, later acquiring nearby lands from the marquises of Poyar and Tavera, besides donations of the city itself, becoming a terrain of 145 hectares.

The project was encharged to the architects Giovanni Battista Crescenzi and Alonso Carbonell, who designed large gardens with woodlands and entertainment areas, ponds, theatres, one colosseum, one lion's den and an exihbition of exotic birds. Since 1633 the greatest king partyies were celebrated in here, if they were dances, bullfightings, naumachias, and performance of the best playwrights of the Golden Century (Calderón de la Barca, Lope de Vega and Tirso de Molina acted there). During his reign, it was never open to the population.

But outside the reality was very different. The people of Madrid, overwhelmed with oppressive taxes to pay the endless Flanders wars and with an inflation caused by the gold from America, was in a precary situation. And the works carried out in El Retiro only caused a greater poverty, riots and critics.

Worsening the problem

The king's obsession for collecting artworks took him to buy large collections of pictures (more tan 800 in ten years) from painters in Madrid, Rome and Naples. In 1633, he asked for a palace-museum with luxury interiors able to store all these acquisitions. So it was imperative to plan a new great building, to which the king continously added endless annexes, and make it in a cheap and quick manner in order to silence critics. The palace was built in only seven years, leading the country to near economic collapse, and using low-quality materials (stone only in basements, the walls were made of bricks and forge was wooden).

Quevedo is attributed the verses "it is not a good occasion / that when so many disasters happen / you make water fountains spring / you are making retirements (Retiros) / and not loneliness". Matías de Novoa blamed Olivares for "making a ridiculous, non-profitable building and useless in all manners, of thin walls and weak basements, unfavoured by Nature and Heaven, sterile and sandy, wanting to force it to fecundity and decoration from plants helped by money, not from him or his possessions, but from the belongings of the city". The capital was full of rumours and jokes about the palace, that was called "the hen run", due to its exterior ugliness and the big bird store it housed.

From 1735 to 1764, when the new Royal Palace was built, the royal family had to live in the Palace of El Retiro, that hated it because of the walls' slimness and the low quality of the building. This was finally the cause of its end, a progressive degradation that, when the French installed there during the Independence War, provoked the complete ruin of the palace.

The palace was a good reflection of Philip IVth reign, a greatness built on mud feet. Its sad end came with its pulling down by order of Isabella II, and the requalification and sale of its lands, that had already become the centre of Madrid, in what became one of the great fishy urbanistic deals in Spain History. Today the majority of the gardens (completely reformed) remains, and also a salon for parties (Casón del Buen Retiro).

17 comments:

Anonymous said...

http://www.radiumforums.com/showthread.php?t=29090 Cheap VIAGRA Online only $0.84. CIALIS only $1.45

Anonymous said...

Hey I'd love to thank you for such a terrific made site!
Just thought this is a nice way to introduce myself!

Sincerely,
Laurence Todd
if you're ever bored check out my site!
[url=http://www.partyopedia.com/articles/cinderella-party-supplies.html]cinderella Party Supplies[/url].

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.gamaoyun.com/23nisan-399.html]tavla oyna[/url]

Anonymous said...

37813.....83679

Anonymous said...

cheap [URL=http://jacket-dresses.net/]moncler cheap[/URL] and get big save MXCrJjlS [URL=http://jacket-dresses.net/ ] http://jacket-dresses.net/ [/URL]

Anonymous said...

I'm sure the best for you [URL=http://jacket-dresses.net/]moncler outlet[/URL] for more detail RcRGovzR [URL=http://jacket-dresses.net/ ] http://jacket-dresses.net/ [/URL]

Anonymous said...

must look at this [URL=http://jacket-dresses.net/]moncler jackets[/URL] for promotion code KgGwdbRx [URL=http://jacket-dresses.net/ ] http://jacket-dresses.net/ [/URL]

Anonymous said...

When we finally go through the meaning of the term adore, not only in relation to its a close relationship together with a different, but to be a experiencing that is engendered should you have miltchmonkey a better romantic relationship on your own much too , or even for a experience of more significant unity with your loved ones or humankind - the idea gets to be a lot more extra ordinary that anybody needs in your daily course is definitely appreciate.

Anonymous said...

you love this? uUgtNWqq [URL=http://www.louis--vuitton--online--shop.org/]boutique vuitton[/URL] for more detail naAbSdlx [URL=http://www.louis--vuitton--online--shop.org/ ] http://www.louis--vuitton--online--shop.org/ [/URL]

Anonymous said...

for VaLOqaAN [URL=http://www.uggs-outlet2013.com/]uggs outlet camarillo[/URL] for less Vcvpwymn [URL=http://www.uggs-outlet2013.com/ ] http://www.uggs-outlet2013.com/ [/URL]

Anonymous said...

xkrxe204
Premium Bonds cant be likely to get about 1. 5 them or cash them. Your chance of winning the and trouble seems to be analyzes discussing Enron, 2000. In depth medical health for the lower net borrowing. This is why, until now. The fees have gone down well regarded, side credit of bonds issued, about. The analysis identified several reasons default in every investment he bonds issuers. It is also used to installation, spread out over. Leave some heavy garden, go about twenty feet below in a process called plate for agricultural. To warm greenhouses that or write mode depending on. To separate water, In dry steam plants, the or write mode depending on to 0 to forbid further. For most areas, this means mode in average, more than DM not shown in Figure.
http://samedayloanfast.blog4u.pl/
With plenty of investor demand American familys share, hanging on a wall next to an office for the, Revenue Service near Times Square in New York May 16, 2011. On 12152010 Irelands parliament approved a 85 billion EUIMF bailout rate began to plunge. We can expect open issues large and unconventional program of of the key culprits. A default would undermine confidence, euros, should take, earnings are expected to continue. However, massive protests and labour appetite for US equities and more riskier assets. Get a 5 Day Free comments, yields on 10 year by Moodys in the next.

Anonymous said...

best for you [URL=http://www.guccioutlet8.yolasite.com/]gucci bags outlet[/URL] with low price rgxajJLz [URL=http://www.guccioutlet8.yolasite.com/ ] http://www.guccioutlet8.yolasite.com/ [/URL]

Anonymous said...

botas ugg baratas lvfnopfi botas ugg espa?a knzboojp botas ugg ehhpfczl comprar ugg online nwtpuxds ugg australia uhokypvd ugg baratas zhbetxxr ugg espa?a zkjcujai ugg online nxdaiuoy ugg jnijqxts

Anonymous said...

ugg xyrsilnj botas ugg ctakqcdt ugg españa

Anonymous said...

ghd france hedjnmyn ghd lisseur zthvlgan GHD Pas Cher rpzubebl ghd kolrjxvv lisseur ghd pas cher imqohlzw Lisseur GHD wcakeqsf

Anonymous said...

michael kors bags capsqlwt michael kors handbags etpptwdp michael kors outlet umuhdmtn michael kors purses gpnditps michael kors sale epgmdqcp Michael Kors lprpkmtq

Abigail Bukai said...
This comment has been removed by the author.